helo/salaam to all
as my username suggests, i am not doubting but rather i would like to understan certain aspects of the quran.
i have come across many sites/blogs/videos/people who have confronted me with certain verses of the quran to which i feel i am not educated enough to respond.
the verses are those relating to the heavens:
(this was asked by another user but was not completley answered)
why does the quran depict the sky as solid, strangely as people believed it was back then?
According to Allah he has made the sky a canopy:
PICKTHAL: Allah it is Who appointed for you the earth for a dwelling-place and the sky for a canopy
We are also asked by Allah- who is the one who created the sky as a canopy indicating the people back then were already aware of its solid state:
PICKTHAL: Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy
050.006 Have they not then observed the sky above them, how We have constructed it and beautified it, and how there are no rifts therein?
the sky will have rifts come judgement day:
And the sky will be rent asunder, for it will that Day be flimsy,
And the sky will tear apart along with the clouds:
A day when the heaven with the clouds will be rent asunder and the angels will be sent down, a grand descent.
how will the solid sky become flimsy on day of judgement:
YUSUFALI: The Day that the sky will be like molten brass,
It will melt from solid state to liquid
the sky must be soild if it can fall and kill people on earth:
Seest thou not that Allah has made subject to you (men) all that is on the earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command? He withholds the sky from failing on the earth except by His leave: for Allah is Most Kind and Most Merciful to man. S. 22:65
Ibn Kathir comments:
If He willed, He could give the sky permission to fall on the earth, and whoever is in it would killed, but by His kindness, mercy, power, He withholds the heaven from falling on earth, except by His leave..."
Allah could also drop a piece of the sky on the unbelievers if he wished:
YUSUFALI: Were they to see a piece of the sky falling (on them)
1.It says we can observe the sky and see there are no cracks in it.
2.Allah could let the sky or just a piece fall on earth and kill humans if he willed.
3.Allah questions the readers; who has created the sky as a canopy? Indicating they are aware the sky is protecting them(solid canopy).
4.The sky will crack on judgement day to allow angels to descent.
5.It will also melt from its solid state into a liquid one
The general answers to these questions explained that the heavens reffered to the protective properties of the atmosphere etc, which cannot be disputed.
but what made me confused was that the term heaven could not only mean the atmospheres since the quran also states
''So He ordained them seven heavens in two periods, and revealed in every heaven its affair; and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars and (made it) to guard; that is the decree of the Mighty, the Knowing.'' 041.012
This makes it clear that the lower heaven/the first heaven has to be refering to the entire universe, yet many muslims refer it to being the troposphere which it does not refer to.
so the dilema we are left with is:
The 1st heaven is the entire universe, but the heaven is also a canopy (which refers to it also being prevented from falling on to people.)
so in essence the quran could not only refer to the heaven as the sky because the quran also refers to the heavens as being filled with celestial bodies such as the moon stars planets and the sun.
as we know, rain does not fall from space. and the heavens itself are not solid but the quran made mention of it not requiring pillars for support and its ability to fall. The quran also makes mention of the stars falling on the day of qiyamah
81:2 And when the stars fall/scatter
and why doesn't the quran directly say that the earth is a ball shape. scholars are always trying to bend words as much as possible to make it sound that way. I do realise that the quran is not a book of science but Allah all Mighty being so powerful won't make a single mastake in any category.
Brothers/sisters please help me to slove these issues since many things about my life have been bothering me - including such religious issues.
i have gone into a deppresion about my life and destiny. i am terribley confused.
a detailed answer will change a life