The Companions differed whether the Prophet Allah bless and greet him – actually saw his Lord that night [of isrâ’ and mi‘râj] or not.
It is authentically narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet Allah bless and greet him – saw his Lord, and also authentically related that Ibn ‘Abbas said:
“He saw Him with his heart.” It is also authentically related from ‘A’isha and Ibn Mas‘ud that they denied such vision, saying that the words of Allah Most High (And verily he saw him, yet another time, at the Lote Tree of the Farthest Boundary) (53:13) refer to Gibrîl u.
It is also authentically related from Abu Dharr that the latter asked the Prophet Allah bless and greet him –: “Did you see your Lord” and he replied: “[There was] a great light, how could I see Him” (nűrun annâ arâh).
That is: light came in between myself and His sight, as stated in the wording: “I saw light” (ra’aytu nűran).
‘Uthman ibn Sa‘id al-Darimi said that the Companions all agreed that the Prophet Allah bless and greet him – did not see Him.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyya – said: Ibn ‘Abbas’s statement that “He saw Him” does not contradict that claim, nor his statement that “He saw Him with his heart.”
Ibn Kathir cited it in his commentary on Sura al-Najm and declared its chain sound, but considered it part of the hadith of the dream.
Ibn al-Qayyim relates that Imam Ahmad considered such sight to be in the Prophets Allah bless and greet him sleep but remains a true sight as the dreams of Prophets are true and that some of the Imams companions mistakenly attributed to him the position that the Prophet Allah bless and greet him saw his Lord with the eyes of his head.
1. “did not see Him”?
2. “He saw Him with his heart.”?
3. “light came in between myself and His sight”: “I saw light”?
4. “[There was] a great light, how could I see Him”?
5. Were the Sahaba, commenting on physical or spiritual vision of the holy Prophet (PBUH)?
6. “‘A’isha and Ibn Mas‘ud that they denied such vision,” ?
7. isrâ’ and mi‘râj Saw Allah with or without Vail?
8. isrâ’ and mi‘râj Saw Allah with the Eyes of his Head?
9. Does it matter?
Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Ahmed:
"On the Day of Judgment, a prophet is brought forth with one man, or two, or more, and then his people are called forth and are asked 'Did this man inform you (of the Message of Allah)?' and they will reply 'No.'
(The prophet) will be asked 'Did you inform them (of the Message of Allah)?' and he will reply 'Yes.' He will be asked 'And who is your witness?' and he will reply 'Muhammed and his Ummah.' …