[Read out to them, O Prophet], In the name of Allah, Mercy abundant, Mercy eternal
The construction of the sentence "بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم" (lit: 'In the name of Allah, the Rahmaan, the Raheem') is such that a verb is suppressed in it. Most commentators have generally taken the suppressed verb as 'I begin' or one similar to it; thus implying the complete sentence to mean 'I begin in the name of Allah, the Rahmaan, the Raheem'. However, it seems that by placing this sentence at the beginning of every surah - except Surah Al-Tawbah - the Qur'an has referred firstly, to the authority on the basis of which the Prophet is directed to deliver and read out the message to his people, and, secondly, to the prediction about the Prophet (pbuh) in the Torah. From the first perspective, the placement of this sentence at the beginning of each of the Surahs is similar to the traditional words like 'On the authority of the King' or 'In the name of the Sovereign', which were, generally, read out before any official declarations and announcements made or any orders passed by the king. From the second perspective, this sentence is a reminder of the prophecy given in the words:
I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their own people; I will put my words in the mouth of the prophet, who shall speak to them everything that I command. Anyone who does not heed the words that the prophet shall speak in my name, I myself will hold accountable. (Deuteronomy 18: 18 - 19)
This is the explanation by Moiz Amjad (and Amin Ahsen Islahi)about Bismillah hir rahman ir rahim which is different form the conventional translation. At the same time Muslims are encouraged to recite this before staring any errand or work.
I would like to seek clarification two accounts, firstly, If read out to them O' Prophet is added, does that still apply when recited by a common Muslim? Or would it stand for read out to them and the person's name. Secondly, when recited before starting a task saying read out to them O'Prophet would not make sense.
Secondly, there appears to be a difference of opinion among Muslim scholars whether Bismillah hir rahaman nir rahim is an actual verse or is recited before every surah. According to islahi teh schoalrs from Madina, Basra, Syria and Abu Hanifa, it is not part of any surah . In contrast the scholars form Makkah, Kuffah and Shafi, it is part of every surah as a verse.
What are your thoughts?